Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2020, Page: 166-173
Clinical Presentation of Patients Admitted with Retained Placenta: Study in Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Jesika Rizvi Tamanna, Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Ibn Sina Medical College & Hospital, Kallyanpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nahid Sultana, Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Joynab Akhter, Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Upazila Health Complex, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Fakhria Alam, Department of Gynaecology &Obstetrics, 250 Bedded General Hospital, Jamalpur, Bangladesh
Farhana Dewan, Department of Obstetrics &Gynaecology, Ibn Sina Medical College & Hospital, Kallyanpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Jul. 8, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 26, 2020;       Published: Nov. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jgo.20200806.13      View  51      Downloads  23
Abstract
Introduction: Retained placenta is one of the causes of postpartum haemorrhage in Bangladesh as it is worldwide and a common problem faced by the department of obstetrics. Objective: To determine the clinical presentation of patients admitted with retained placenta at the Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Material & Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which was carried out in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH), Dhaka, Bangladesh, during the study period from January 2010 to June 2010. A total number of 50 cases were selected for the study. The data were collected by pre-designed questionnaire; relevant information was collected by direct interview of patients and relatives. Statistical analyses were carried out by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16.0 for Windows (SPSS). Results: Mean age was found 27.04±3.48 years with range from 20 to 36 years. Home delivery was found in 31 (62.0%). Mean duration of retained placenta was found 3.0±0.58hrs with range from 2.30 to 4.3hrs. Mild per vaginal bleeding was found 4 (8.0%), Moderate P/V bleeding was 42 (84.0%) and severe bleeding was 4 (8.0). Regarding past history, patients with myomectomy was found 1 (2.0%), cesarean was 3 (6.0%). H/O retained placenta was 9 (18.0%). H/O MR was 24 (48.0%) and D&C was 18 (36.0%). Primi para was found 2 (4.0%) and multi para was 48 (96.0). Moderate anaemia was found 41 (82.0), normal temperature was 49 (98.0%), mean pulse was 91.0±8,13 beats/min mean systolic BP was found 91.9±6.81 mmHg and mean diastolic BP was 57.6±5.55mmHg. From P/A examination of the study patients it was found that, atonic uterus was 29 (58.0%), tenderness was 2 (4.0%), more than three fourth 76% was with full urinary bladder, mean height of uterus was 22.24±1.6 weeks. Moderate per vaginal bleeding was 41 (82.0%), vaginal full with clot was 41 (82.0%) and OS was open in 46 (92.0%). Mean Hb% was found 8.25±0.85 gm/dl with range from to 7 to 9.2gm/dl. Conclusion: The incidence and severity may be decreased by health education, women empowerment and the provision of facilities for essential obstetrics services by high skilled health care providers in ensuring a properly conducted delivery with discharged after timely effective management.
Keywords
Hemorrhage, Retained Placenta, Clinical Presentation
To cite this article
Jesika Rizvi Tamanna, Nahid Sultana, Joynab Akhter, Fakhria Alam, Farhana Dewan, Clinical Presentation of Patients Admitted with Retained Placenta: Study in Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2020, pp. 166-173. doi: 10.11648/j.jgo.20200806.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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