Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 135-140
Analysis of Cesarean Section Indications According to the Robson Classification in Surgical Maternities in Dakar, Senegal: About 9185 Cases
Taliana Stephie Gondjout, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Omar Gassama, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Mohamed Tété Diadhiou, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Marie Edouard Faye Dieme, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Mamour Gueye, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Abdoul Aziz Diouf, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Pape Malick Ngom, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Saidou Diallo, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Raymond Alipio, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Dieynaba Ndao, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Sedouma Yatera, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Alphousseyni Gaye, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Daouda Ndour, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Youanidou Wane Dia, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Philippe Marc Moreira, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Alassane Diouf, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Jean Charles Moreau, Gynaecological and Obstetric Clinic, Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Received: Aug. 29, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 17, 2020;       Published: Sep. 30, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jgo.20200805.12      View  63      Downloads  42
Abstract
Background: The caesarean section rate remains relatively high in the surgical maternity hospitals in Dakar and the indications for scarred uterus are still high. The management of induced prematurity for maternal pathologies still poses real problems in Dakar. The aim of our study is to compare the Caesarean section rate in the different surgical facilities in Dakar. We used the ROBSON's classification to evaluate the indications for Caesarean section in surgical maternity hospitals in Dakar. Methods: This was a descriptive and analytical prospective study which took place from January 1st to December 31st 2019 in 10 surgical maternity hospitals in Dakar (University hospital Aristide Le Dantec, National Hospital Center of Pikine, Municipal Hospital Center Abass NDAO, Principal Hospital of Dakar, Youssou Mbargane DIOP Hospital in Rufisque, Ouakam Military Hospital, Grand Yoff General Hospital, Gaspard Kamara Health Center, Nabil Choucair Health Center, Roi Baudoin Hospital Center) and which included all patients who delivered by caesarean section. Indications for Caesarean section were classified according to ROBSON's 10 group classification. The parameters studied were age, frequency, indications for Caesarean section in these surgical maternity hospitals and, Apgar score at five minutes and, birth weight. Data collection was done through birth records and registers, on-call diaries and integrated into a database developed with Sphinx software. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. Results: During the period of the study we recorded 35287 deliveries with 9185 Caesarean sections, i.e. a frequency of 26%. The average age of the patients was 29 years. Indications for Caesarean section in Dakar surgical maternity hospitals were dominated by group 5 (28.4%) according to Robson's classification. Group 10 in Robson's classification was predominant in the maternity hospitals of University hospital Aristide Le Dantec (23.3%) and Municipal Hospital Center Abass NDAO (22.5%). Group 5 was found in the maternity units of the Gaspard Kamara Health Center (32.3%), Nabil Choucair Health Center (39%), Principal Hospital of Dakar (26.4%), Youssou Mbargane Hospital Diop Hospital in Rufisque (31.4%), Roi Baudoin Hospital Center (29.8%), Grand Yoff General Hospital (32%), Ouakam Military Hospital (34.2%), and, National Hospital Center of Pikine (27.9%). 4 facilities had a caesarean section rate higher than 30% (University hospital Aristide Le Dantec 35.6%, Youssou Mbargane Diop Hospital in Rufisque 32.03%, Municipal Hospital Center Abass Ndao 32.01% and, National Hospital Center of Pikine 30.45%). The average birth weight of new-borns was 2943 grams, with an average Apgar score of 8 at the fifth minute. The post-op care was simple. Conclusion: The caesarean section rate remains relatively high in the surgical maternity hospitals in Dakar and the indications for scarred uterus are still high.
Keywords
Caesarean Section, ROBSON Classification, Maternity, Dakar
To cite this article
Taliana Stephie Gondjout, Omar Gassama, Mohamed Tété Diadhiou, Marie Edouard Faye Dieme, Mamour Gueye, Abdoul Aziz Diouf, Pape Malick Ngom, Saidou Diallo, Raymond Alipio, Dieynaba Ndao, Sedouma Yatera, Alphousseyni Gaye, Daouda Ndour, Youanidou Wane Dia, Philippe Marc Moreira, Alassane Diouf, Jean Charles Moreau, Analysis of Cesarean Section Indications According to the Robson Classification in Surgical Maternities in Dakar, Senegal: About 9185 Cases, Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 135-140. doi: 10.11648/j.jgo.20200805.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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