Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2019, Page: 149-154
Variation Trend of Vitamin D Status in Wintertime Among Infants: A Cross-sectional Study
Wei Li, Department of Pharmacy, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China; Women and Children’s Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China
Qiong Dai, Women and Children’s Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China; Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China
Yongying Qiu, Department of Gynaecology, Maternal and Child health Hospital of Xinfen County, Ganzhou, China
Jianqiong Liu, Women and Children’s Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China; Department of Child Health Care, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China
Yan Guo, Wuhan Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan, China
Bin Wang, Department of Laboratory of Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Received: Sep. 8, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 25, 2019;       Published: Oct. 10, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jgo.20190705.16      View  69      Downloads  23
Abstract
Background The requirement of vitamin D in different stage may be diverse, but research on the variation trend of vitamin D status during infancy is scarce. Objective This study aimed to explore the variation trend of vitamin D status and influencing factors of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency during wintertime among infants. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 500 infants were included in our study during January to March 2017. The serum 25(OH)D was performed by chemiluminescent assay. Multivariate Logistic regression was conducted to evaluate the influencing factors of vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D insufficiency. Results The older infants had a higher concentration of vitamin D than younger infants (r=0.62, P<0.0001). And the overall prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were 33.80% and 18.00%, respectively. With the increase of month age, the risk of vitamin D deficiency (OR=0.63, 95%CI: 0.57-0.70) and insufficiency (OR=0.69, 95%CI: 0.62-0.77) were both declined. In addition, the infant with low birthweight, breastfed, living in rural area were correlated with a higher risk of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency (P<0.05). Conclusion Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency prevalence changed with month age, routine monitoring of vitamin D levels is necessary for infant.
Keywords
Vitamin D Status, Vitamin D Deficiency, Vitamin D Supplementation, Infant, Wintertime, Breastfed
To cite this article
Wei Li, Qiong Dai, Yongying Qiu, Jianqiong Liu, Yan Guo, Bin Wang, Variation Trend of Vitamin D Status in Wintertime Among Infants: A Cross-sectional Study, Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2019, pp. 149-154. doi: 10.11648/j.jgo.20190705.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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