Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2019, Page: 17-24
Dysmenorrhea Characteristics and Self-Care Method used among Female Nursing Students at King Abdulaziz University
Fawziya Alghamdi, Maternity and Child Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Ahlam Al-Zahrani, Maternity and Child Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Hawa Alabdulaziz, Maternity and Child Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Received: Dec. 6, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 18, 2019;       Published: Apr. 8, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jgo.20190701.13      View  20      Downloads  8
Abstract
Background: Dysmenorrhoea is a common gynaecological problem that affects women and has a detrimental impact on their lives. However, women seldom seek medical advice and prefer self-care methods to manage their dysmenorrhoea. Identifying the self-care methods used to manage the pain and the source of information related to self-care methods used among dysmenorrhoeal nursing students would assist health care providers in devising an intervention to improve students' health. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st of March up to the end of April in 2018 to identify the characteristics of dysmenorrhoea and the self-care methods used among female nursing students at King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah. Data were collected from 194 participants using self-administered questionnaires. Results: More than half of respondents (60%) complained of moderate menstrual pain followed by severe pain (22%). The majority of respondents (73.7%) experienced cramping pain in the lower abdomen (89.7%), beginning with menstrual flow (50.1%) and lasting one to two days (64.8%). Nausea (52.1%), dizziness (47.9%) and headaches (45.9%) were the most prominent dysmenorrhoea symptoms. The most common method used to relieve dysmenorrhoea was rest (86.6%) followed by a warm compress (67.0%). Ibuprofen was the most common medication used to manage dysmenorrhoea (22.2%), while the most common herb used was cinnamon (39.2%). Family was the main source of information on the methods used for 80.9% of the respondents. Conclusions: The nursing students used various methods to relieve their menstrual pain, including pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods; most students used a combination of both. Safe self-care methods use should be a priority in dysmenorrhoeal nursing student’s education.
Keywords
Dysmenorrhea, Characteristics, Self-Care Methods, Nursing Students
To cite this article
Fawziya Alghamdi, Ahlam Al-Zahrani, Hawa Alabdulaziz, Dysmenorrhea Characteristics and Self-Care Method used among Female Nursing Students at King Abdulaziz University, Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 17-24. doi: 10.11648/j.jgo.20190701.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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