Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Page: 37-41
The Rate and Risk Factors of Pospartum Depression in Sana’a Yemen
Athmar Hussein Ali, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Sanaa University, Sana’a, Yemen
Amat-Al Karem Ali Hamad Al Huri, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Sanaa University, Sana’a, Yemen
Kaima Abdullah Frass, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Sanaa University, Sana’a, Yemen
Abdelrahman Hasan Al Harazi, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Thamar University, Sana’a, Yemen
Received: Apr. 22, 2017;       Accepted: May 2, 2017;       Published: May 24, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.jgo.20170503.11      View  2078      Downloads  136
Abstract
This cross – sectional study was done to assess the rate and risk factors of postpartum depression among women who had given birth between 4 – 6 weeks prior to interview in four public medical centers of Sana’a city over a period from February to July 2016. We administered the Edinburgh postnatal Depression Scale to 642 women. Among these, 97 women had scored ≥ 12, giving the rate of 15.1% of postpartum depression. Mothers with this condition were more likely to have unwanted pregnancy, recent conflict with husbands / family, financial hardship, anxiety and health problems during pregnancy, and difficulties in breastfeeding. The study revealed a high rate of postpartum depression. Although it is recognized that timing and ideal interval for screening is unknown such screening would increase detection, treatment and improve health outcomes of women and their children.
Keywords
Postpartum Depression, Prevalence, Risk Factors
To cite this article
Athmar Hussein Ali, Amat-Al Karem Ali Hamad Al Huri, Kaima Abdullah Frass, Abdelrahman Hasan Al Harazi, The Rate and Risk Factors of Pospartum Depression in Sana’a Yemen, Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 37-41. doi: 10.11648/j.jgo.20170503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Knights JE, Salvatore ML, Simpkins G, Hunter K, Khandelwal M. In search of best practice for postpartum depression screening: is once enough? European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 206 (2016) 99–104.
[2]
Sharma V, Sharma P. Postpartum depression: diagnostic and treatment issues. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2012; 34 (5): 436–442.
[3]
Gavin NI, Gaynes BN, Lohr KN, Meltzer-Brody S, Gartleher G, Swinson T. Perinatal depression: a systematic review of prevalence and incidence. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106: 1071–83.
[4]
Bennett, H. A., Einarson, A., Taddio, A, Koren G, Einarson TR. Prevalence of depression during pregnancy: systemic review. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2004; 103 (4), 698-709.
[5]
Bowes WA, Katz VL. Postpartum care in: Gabbe, Steven G. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. Sixth edition. 2012; Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, chapter 21: 701-726.
[6]
Robertson E, Grace S, Wallington T, Stewart DE. Antenatal risk factors for postpartum depression: a synthesis of recent literature. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2004; 26: 289–95.
[7]
Bobo WV, Yawn BP. Concise review for physicians and other clinicians: postpartum depression. Mayo Clin Proc 2014; 89: 835–44.
[8]
Roomruangwong C, Withayavanitchai S, Maes M. Antenatal and postnatal risk factors of postpartum depression symptoms in Thai women: A case-control study. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare 10 (2016) 25–31.
[9]
Fairbrother N, Janssen P, Antony MM, Tucker E, Young AH. Perinatal anxiety disorder prevalence and incidence. J Affect Disord 2016; 200: 148–55.
[10]
Adama ND, Foumane P, Olen JPK, Dohbit JS, Um Meka EN, Mboudou E. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Postpartum Depression in Yaounde, Cameroon. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2015, 5, 608-617.
[11]
Rich-Edwards JW, Kleinman KP, Abrams A, Harlow BL, McLaughlin TJ, Joffe H. Sociodemographic predictors of antenatal and postpartum depressive symptoms among women in a medical group practice. J Epidemiol Comm Health 2006; 60: 221–7.
[12]
Norhayati, M. N., Hazlina, N. N., Asrenee, A. R., Emilin, W. W. Magnitude and risk factors for postpartum symptoms: aliterature review. J. Affect. Disord. 2015; 175, 34–52.
[13]
Husain, N., Bevc, I., Husain, M., Chaudhry, I. B., Atif, N. and Rahman, A. Prevalence and Social Correlates of Postnatal Depression in a Low Income Country. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 2006; 9, 197-202.
[14]
Chang F W, Lee W Y, Liu Y P, Yang J J, Chen S P, Cheng h K C Et al. The relationship between economic conditions and postpartum depression in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study. Journal of Affective Disorders 2016; 204: 174–179.
[15]
Fisher S D, Wisner K L, Clark C T, Sit D K, Luther J F, Wisniew S et al. Factors associated with onset timing, symptoms, and severity of depression identified in the postpartumperiod. Journal of Affective Disorders 2016; 203: 111–120.
[16]
Palumbo G, Mirabella F, Gigantesco A. Positive screening and risk factors for postpartum depression. European Psychiatry 2017; 42: 77–85.
[17]
Pope C, Mazmanian D, Bedard M, Sharma V. Breastfeeding and postpartum depression: assessing the influence of breastfeeding intention and other risk factors. J Affect Disord. 2016; 19 (200): 45–50.
[18]
Corrêa H, e Couto TC, Santos W, Romano-Silva MA, Santos LM. Postpartum depression symptoms among Amazonian and Northeast Brazilian women. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2016 Nov 1; 204: 214-8.
Browse journals by subject